Hmmm… a new magazine

We have been given a group project to think up an idea for a new magazine or newspaper. Although we were brought together as a group late on and haven’t really met up yet to discuss our ideas, I have thought up some ideas which are as follows.

PIE TASTER – A humorous magazine which is full of totally irrelevant ‘stuff’. It could include comic strips, recipes for men’s meals, football tables and results, music reviews, pull out posters, readers letters. Some of the items listed in the next idea could be appropriate to this idea too.

STEPPING OUT – A survival guide for teenage boys leaving home and breaking away from the apron strings. It would include simple recipes, sports results, advice on how to survive financially on the minimum wage, job seekers allowance or student funding. Help with housing benefit queries, legal advice, a relevant comic strip. The best place to get the cheap deals on food, games, gig tickets, clothing,. This idea came to me after my step son and his friend recently moved into a two bedroom house – and they haven’t got a clue, they might need this survival guide.

Simple things like you do not put a pizza on the base of the oven itself to cook it, how to assemble flat pack furniture, removal of furniture safely tips, financial wall charts,

Categories already out there:

Womens, mens, puzzles, comics, fishing, golf, cycling, kids, photography, culture, tattoo, art, the environment, cars, motor bikes, hiking, pornography, music, tv magazines, gardening, model making, films, houses, interior design, technology, computer games, collectors and many more magazines that I have not listed at the moment.

A teenage survival guide has not been done before as far as I can see and with the right research and being aimed at young men either of the ideas may work. They are a bit rough, a bit sketchy but with some work I think they would be quite popular.

Does anyone have any opinions on these? Your opinions would be greatly valued.


Photo’s of Denbigh castle

I have taken hundreds of photo’s to assist me in my map brief and have found the whole researching of Denbigh Castle extremely fascinating, I think illustrating historical events may be one of my callings

links to my facebook fan page where I store all my photographs

If you are interested in historical buildings then these pictures are well worth a look

Denbigh castle illustrated in all it’s glory.


The History of Denbigh Castle

The History of the site of Denbigh Castle dates back to the Iron Age Hillforts. The first stone fortress which was built by the Welsh in the early 1200’s and occupied by occupied by Dafydd ap Grufudd. The Welsh name ‘Denbigh’ means “little fort”. The lordship of Denbigh were granted to Henry de Lacy (1249-1311), third Earl of Lincoln, of the great de Lacy family of the Honors of Pontefract. He ensured that all traces of the original Welsh castle was destroyed. He wanted to stamp the mark of himself and the English on the castle and even the doorway of Denbigh Castle carries his effigy in stone. His son, Edmund, drowned in a well at the Red Tower in Denbigh Castle in Wales and it is said that this tragic incident led to De Lacey losing all interest in the construction of the castle – it was never fully completed. The castle was a massive stronghold and Denbigh Castle was used by the Royalist during the English Civil War in 1642. In 1646 much of the the castle was ruined by the Roundheads, the Parliamentary forces. All that was left of Denbigh Castle were ruins and so they still remain.

The Building of Denbigh Castle

The history of the building of Denbigh Castle is fascinating. In just a relatively short period of time a significant number of new Welsh Medieval Castles were built or modernised under the instructions of King Edward I (1272-1307) including Denbigh Castle. King Edward employed the services of an architect and master builder called Master James of St George to carry out many of these ambitious plans for a chain of Medieval castles to be built in Wales. Denbigh Castle was built in 1282 in Wales on the estuary of the River Clwyd flowing down to the sea. An important feature of Denbigh Castle is its access to the sea. During the construction of Denbigh Castle men, equipment and building materials were easily transported by boats to the site of the castle. Once Denbigh Castle was built fresh supplies, provisions and reinforcements prevented the castle occupants from being starved into submission during siege warfare. The advantages of swift and easy accessibility via the sea ensured that the new fortified town, which was built at the same time as the castle, became a successful and prosperous stronghold for its English inhabitants.


Denbigh – A Concentric Castle Design

Welsh Castles including Denbigh Castle, built by Edward I, are referred to as Concentric Castles. The Gothic architecture of the Medieval era together with the design of Concentric Castles encompassed some, or all, of the following elements:

A Stronger central Keep or Main Tower

A Round or Circular Shaped Keep

A High wall, complete with towers surrounded the Keep and the Inner Bailey

At least one lower, outer wall surrounded the Inner High Wall

Several Outer Walls and Outer Baileys were often added!

Several Gatehouses were featured

Moats were added which surrounded the whole Concentric Castle complex

Concentric castles were bigger than any previous castles! The walls were thicker, stronger and higher with turrets! The Inner Walls were higher than Outer walls! Drawbridges were added! The interiors were more comfortable, even luxurious! Concentric Castles, like Denbigh, were very expensive!

Denbigh – A Welsh Fortified Town (aka Bastide or Burgh)

Denbigh Castle was constructed in conjunction with a new, fortified town. The idea of building fortified, purpose-built townships were based on a combination of the Bastides of Gascony and the Burghs, or Burhs, built by King Alfred the Great of England. Welsh Medieval Fortified Townships. The ‘Bastide’ at Denbigh was a strongly defended town, the construction of which, had been subject to proper planning and architectural design. The layout of the town at Denbigh took into consideration the following defence factors:

The layout of the town’s houses and buildings in Denbigh were planned so that they would not impede the circulation of troops

The rapid movement of the troops garrisoned at Denbigh was ensured by building a main road which provided direct access to the curtain wall and the main gate and towers

The central public square in the Denbigh township doubled as a mustering point for all troops

Wall Towers could only be accessed from a doorway on the battlement accessed via a moveable wooden staircase on the inside of the wall

The central public square doubled as a mustering point for all troops

The Town wall was defended by a number of towers

The weakest points of any building are the corners – these towers were therefore round

Wall Towers could only be accessed from a doorway on the battlement accessed via a moveable wooden staircase on the inside of the wall

Denbigh Castle

Denbigh Castle was one of the ten key Welsh Medieval Castles which were commissioned by King Edward I. The Welsh Medieval Castles built by the English under the direction of King Edward I provided a power base for the Medieval Plantagenet King and ensured that the Welsh were subservient to the new English rule. Edward crushed the Welsh rebellion under Llewellyn ap Gruffudd and conquered his kingdom of Gwynedd in Northern Wales. Wales was conquered by Edward I and became incorporated into England under the Statute of Rhuddlan ( also called the Statute of Wales ) in 1284 – the building of Denbigh Castle helped King Edward I to achieve his ambitions.

The text up to now was taken from

My intention:-

I have come across many of illustrations in my research on Denbigh castle, the majority of them show the castle in it’s ruined state. The few illustrations which I have come across that show Denbigh castle in all it’s magnificent splendor only show the front of the castle.

My intention, as a young boy who grew up in Denbigh and has lived in the town all his life is to map out and illustrate the old castle whilst it actually was a castle  and make it as true to its origins as I can.

I feel that I am at an advantage as when I was a young boy and teenager I would spend many, many hours up there in the castle exploring all its secret places and once I have got a true feel for the castle as it was and examined the hundreds of photographs that I have taken then I will know what needs to be done.

I will look at other castles built in the same time period by Master James of St George and find out how he built his castles.

Until I undertook this brief I had no idea how large Denbigh castle was and how important and strong it was.

I will be attempting to find out all about all Denbigh’s underground tunnels also, as there are many. Many are here say, so I will try to verify there existence if possible. Such tunnels are the tunnel which apparently starts at the bottom of the well in the grounds of the castle (but I think it starts just at the edge of the Triple Tower gatehouse, as I started going down this tunnel as a boy-not too far though) then travels down to the well at the Bull Hotel, which has another name now, then carries on to an outlet at the monument on Vale Street and apparently finishes (or starts) at the Friary on Rhyl Road.

Also I know of an underground river that was shown to me, which travels through the cellar of a house I know of.

I did not think that this would be as big a project as it has turned out to be, so I will post up the results and illustrations when they are completed.

A North view of Denbigh painted 1750 AD

A North view of Denbigh castle by Samuel and Nathaniel Bucks 1742 AD engraving

A North east view of Denbigh Castle by Samuel and Nathaniel Bucks 1742 AD engraving